What is Artificial Intelligence? – Scope and Career Opportunities
Quoting the father of Artificial Intelligence, John McCarthy, AI is “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs”.
Simply put, Artificial Intelligence is a method of making a computer or a software think intelligently – to “think” like a human would and mimic the way they would act.
AI is polished by understanding how human brain thinks, learns, decides, and works when faced with a problem. The conclusions of this study are used as a basis for developing intelligent software and systems. An ideal characteristic of an Artificial Intelligence system is its ability to rationalise and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal. The term can be applied to any software or system that has attributes that can help learn and solve problems, just like a human mind.
To simplify, some of the activities computers with artificial intelligence are designed for, include:
- Problem solving
- Speech/Face recognition
The objectives of artificial intelligence such as learning, reasoning, perception and machines are all wired using a cross-disciplinary approach that is based on mathematics, computer science, linguistics, psychology, and more.
To understand this better, computers that play chess, self-driving cars are examples of machines with artificial intelligence. Their functionality includes weighing the outcomes of actions they take that will impact the end result. With respect to self-driving cars, the system must consider all external data and compute it to act in a way that stops the collision.
Scope of Artificial Intelligence
The ultimate goal of artificial intelligence is to create computer programs that can solve problems and achieve goals like humans would. There is scope in developing machines in robotics, computer vision, language detection machine, game playing, expert systems, speech recognition machine and much more.
The following factors characterise a career in artificial intelligence:
- The use of sophisticated computer software
Individuals considering pursuing a career in this field require specific education based on the foundations of math, technology, logic and engineering perspectives. Apart from these, good communication skills (written and verbal) are imperative to convey how AI services and tools will help when employed within industry settings.
Subjects an AI candidate must study
- Studying mathematics, especially mathematical logic is crucial when considering a career in artificial intelligence.
- Learning about sciences, e.g. physics or biology is also helpful. Knowledge of psychology and the physiology of the nervous system is helpful with respect to biological approaches to AI.
- Knowing programming languages like C, Lisp and Prolog will be beneficial too. Knowledge of basic machine language is a must.
Career Opportunities in AI
Video games are widely loved. However, in the current scenario, games require highly intelligent enemies to keep the players challenged. This is where a software engineer or a game programmer comes into play. Companies are on the lookout for candidates who are well-educated, thorough with the basics of AI and can design games that keep the user engaged.
Not only are robots cool, they are also gradually taking over the industrial world. This field needs engineers or programmers that can program these robots to solve problems like a human would.
Having a master’s in robotic engineers and a license from the state can help a great deal for a career in this field.
Software Engineer (Face Recognition Software)
If you’re looking for a career that helps out other humans then a career as a software engineer working on face recognition software would be apt. Many companies, including security companies, police departments, casinos, and even Google are utilising face recognition to understand the people benefiting from their service.
Search Engine Manager
One of the highest paying companies from face recognition, Google also uses AI in other interesting ways. The organisation hires people with artificial intelligence degrees to manage their massive search engine. Users search for a variety of things and Google Search should be able to predict what the users are searching for despite the spelling and grammatical errors for the searched phrase. This is where knowledge and study of artificial intelligence come into play.
Getting a job in the private sector can be difficult considering the intense competition and the companies seek out only the best of the best. However, the government sector too requires the help of highly skilled artificial intelligence employees to work on various projects. Apart from the salary, a job in the government sector comes with excellent benefits and retirement packages.
Artificial intelligence plays an increasingly large role in running the world around us and it continues to advance and improve the quality of life across multiple industry settings. Any individual looking for a career in this field and willing to put in the effort to gain a high level of education will be quickly accepted into this constantly growing and high paying industry.